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Citing Sources: MLA Style

Citation Generators

Here are a few tools you may use to generate citations easily for use in your research paper.  These are based on the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (8th Edition) and the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th Edition).
To create your citation, simply choose the appropriate style (MLA or APA), fill out the required information, and submit to obtain your citation.  It's that easy!

NOTE: The APA Publication Manual 7th edition, changed in 2019

Avoiding Plagiarism

When conducting research and writing papers, it is important to give credit to other authors' ideas.  It is considered plagiarism to use other authors' ideas and not give them proper credit

The following links are helpful in understanding plagiarism and how to avoid it in your papers:

Evaluating Information

The CRAAP Test can help you evaluate information when conducting research.  It includes a list of questions to ask yourself when evaluating any type of source.  Please see the following links for detailed information on the CRAAP Test:

Core Elements for MLA format, 8th ed.

These are the general pieces of information that MLA suggests including in each Works Cited entry. In your citation, the elements should be listed in the following order:

  1. Author.
  2. Title of source.
  3. Title of container,
  4. Other contributors,
  5. Version,
  6. Number,
  7. Publisher,
  8. Publication date,
  9. Location.

Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here.

MLA Citation Style     

MLA Style (Modern Language Association) is used often to cite sources within the Liberal Arts and Humanities.  The 7th edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers contains information on how to write papers in MLA Style, citing within your paper, and how to prepare the Works Cited page.  See the resources below for more information:

NOTE: The MLA Handbook 8th was published in 2016.


General Format for Books


Last name, First name. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.


Example: Mader, Sylvia.  Human Biology.  Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2008. Print.

Book by a Corporate Author or Organization

American Heart Association. Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support: Provider Manual. Dallas: American Heart Association, 2011. Print.

For more information on how to cite other types of sources in MLA style please visit: Purdue OWL: MLA Format Guide

Journal Articles

General Format for Journal Articles

Last name, First name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume. Issue (Year): pages.       Medium of Publication.

Example: Tobenkin, David. "Making Adjustments." International Educator 21.5 (2012):                         18-38.  Print.

Journal article from an online database

Harris, Heidi S., and Elwyn W. Martin. "Student Motivations For Choosing Online Classes."       International Journal For The Scholarship of Teaching & Learning 6.2 (2012): 1-8.       Education Research Complete. Web. 21 Feb. 2013.

For more information on how to cite other types of sources in MLA style please visit:        Purdue OWL: MLA Format Guide